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Your DSL modem and Bell's DSLAM continuously monitor the quality of your DSL line. You can obtain line statistical information from your modem to view your line quality and the goodness of your service.
Your DSL modem continuously monitors the quality of your DSL service. You can obtain line statistical information from your modem to assess the quality of your line and service.
 
  
Bell is responsible for the quality of your line and it is worth noting that most of your monthly payment to NCF goes to Bell to provide DSL on your line.
+
Bell is responsible for the quality of your line and it is worth noting that most of your monthly payment to NCF goes to Bell to provide DSL service on your line.
  
== How to obtain the line stats from your SpeedTouch 585 or 516v6 DSL modem ==
+
==How to interpret line stats==
 +
 
 +
=== Speed (Rate) ===
 +
Download speed (measured as Mbps, Mb/s, kbps, kb/s) is faster than upload speed. You can confirm this number by doing a [[Speed test (DSL)|speed test]].
 +
 
 +
=== Attenuation ===
 +
Attenuation is a measure (in dB) of how far (cable length, not line-of-sight) you are from the Bell equipment (DSLAM). Note that '''Lower is better''' as it indicates a shorter cable length.
 +
 
 +
<table style="margin-left: 4em">
 +
<tr><th>Attenuation</th><th>Rating</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td>0 - 40</td><td>Excellent</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>40 - 50</td><td>Good</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>50 - 60</td><td>Fair</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>>60</td><td>Poor</td></tr>
 +
</table>
 +
 
 +
=== Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR or Noise Margin) ===
 +
Signal-to-Noise Ratio is a measure (in dB) of how much electrical noise exists on your line. Too much noise (low SNR) can affect DSL signal. '''Higher is better''' as it means you have more signal than noise.
 +
 
 +
<table style="margin-left: 4em">
 +
<tr><th>SNR</th><th>Rating</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td>>20</td><td>Excellent</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>20-10</td><td>Good</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>10-6</td><td>Fair</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>6-0</td><td>Poor</td></tr>
 +
</table>
 +
 
 +
=== Errors ===
 +
The error figures are an indication of how many packets had to be re-transmitted because they contained an error and may be caused by line noise. Error counts are cumulative since the time DSL sync was last obtained. To reset the error counts, do a software restart of your modem, or power cycle your modem, or disconnect your DSL line for a minute or two.
 +
 
 +
The significance of error counts is unclear and may be meaningless. Some modems may misreport errors and even with errors, your service may be fine.
 +
 
 +
==Line Profile stats reported by Bell==
 +
You can see your stats as seen by NCF [https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/home/tools/dslLineStats.jsp here]. Note the date on that page that says when they were collected.
 +
 
 +
===Line Profile stats reported by Bell===
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
{| border="1" style="border-collapse: collapse; text-align: left;"
 +
|- style="background:#efefef;"
 +
! colspan="3" | Line Operational Status
 +
! colspan="4" | 613-xxx-xxxx (DSL phone number, may or not be your Bell #)
 +
|-
 +
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
 +
| '''Line Status:'''
 +
| '''In Service''' (preferred)<br />'''Out of Service''' (trouble!)
 +
| '''UpTime:'''
 +
| (not a useful field, usually not populated by Bell)
 +
|-
 +
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
 +
| '''Line Profile Name:'''
 +
| Example: '''al1_d6016-384_u800-256'''
 +
| '''Last State Change:'''
 +
| '''mm/dd hh:mm:ss'''<br/>(last time the Line Profile was provided)
 +
|-
 +
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
 +
| '''DLM State:'''<br/>(Dynamic Line Manager, <br>a process on the DSLAM)
 +
| '''Active or OPERATIONS''' (preferred)<br>
 +
'''PENDING''' (new line activation)<br>
 +
'''Disabled''' (manual handling)<br>
 +
'''Failed''' (DLM can’t set a Line Profile)<br>
 +
'''Unstable''' (DLM is unable to set a Line Profile)
 +
| '''Equipment Type:''' <br>(DSLAM)
 +
|Example: '''7330_REM'''<br/>There are many types of DSLAMs deployed by Bell in the field. The above was built by Newbridge/Alcatel-Lucent, today's Nokia
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
{| border="1" style="border-collapse: collapse; text-align: left;"
 +
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
 +
|- style="background:#efefef;"
 +
| '''Operational Status'''
 +
| '''Speed (Kbs)'''
 +
| '''Relative Capacity Occupation (%)'''
 +
| '''Noise Margin (0..31 dB)'''
 +
| '''Signal Power (0..20 dBm)'''
 +
| '''Attenuation (0..60 dB)'''
 +
| '''Block count'''
 +
|-
 +
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
 +
| '''UpStream'''<br/>(upload)
 +
| Example: '''797.0'''
 +
! rowspan="2" | Lower is better<br><br> < 85% is the preferred range
 +
! rowspan="2" | Higher is better<br/>
 +
> 20 dB: Excellent<br/>
 +
20 - 10 dB: Good<br/>
 +
10 - 6 dB: Fair<br/>
 +
< 6 dB: Poor
 +
!  rowspan="2" | Lower is better<br><br>Tied to RCO, SNR & Attenuation
 +
! rowspan="2" | Lower is better<br/>
 +
< 40 dB: Excellent<br/>
 +
40 - 50 dB: Good<br/>
 +
50 - 60 dB: Fair<br/>
 +
> 60 dB: Poor
 +
! rowspan="2" | Some number that is not very useful
 +
|-
 +
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
 +
| '''DownStream'''<br>(download)
 +
| Example: '''6014.0'''
 +
|}
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==How to obtain line stats from your modem==
 +
===SpeedTouch 585 or 516v6===
 
[[File:SpeedTouchStats.png|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a SpeedTouch 585v6 modem interface (Speedtouch 516v6 is similar)]]
 
[[File:SpeedTouchStats.png|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a SpeedTouch 585v6 modem interface (Speedtouch 516v6 is similar)]]
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
Line 13: Line 113:
 
Depending on your modem model and configuration, the numbers may be displayed with commas and periods in the European manner, which is the reverse of what is common in North America. For example: 1,000.12 for 'one thousand decimal 12' may be displayed as '1.000,12'.
 
Depending on your modem model and configuration, the numbers may be displayed with commas and periods in the European manner, which is the reverse of what is common in North America. For example: 1,000.12 for 'one thousand decimal 12' may be displayed as '1.000,12'.
  
== How to obtain the line stats from your SpeedTouch 516v5 DSL modem ==
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
===SpeedTouch 516v5===
 
[[File:ST516v5 Line Stats.jpg|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a SpeedTouch 516v5 modem interface]]
 
[[File:ST516v5 Line Stats.jpg|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a SpeedTouch 516v5 modem interface]]
 +
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 
# In the left column, click 'Advanced'
 
# In the left column, click 'Advanced'
Line 21: Line 130:
 
# Scroll down to the section 'Wan' ... 'Dsl'
 
# Scroll down to the section 'Wan' ... 'Dsl'
  
== How to obtain the line stats from your TP-Link 8951ND, 8901G or 8816 DSL modem ==
+
 
[[File:TP-LinkStats.png|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a TP-Link 8901G modem]]
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
===TP-Link 8816, 8901G or 8951ND===
 +
[[File:TP-LinkStats.png|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a TP-Link 8901G modem (8816 and 8951ND are similar)]]
 +
These models of TP-Link modems all have similar interfaces:
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 
# Click on 'Status'
 
# Click on 'Status'
 
# Click on 'Device Info'
 
# Click on 'Device Info'
  
== How to obtain the line stats from your TP-Link 8951ND, 8901G or 8816 DSL modem ==
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
===TP-Link 8950ND===
 
[[File:TP-Link 8950 LIne stats.JPG|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a TP-Link 8950ND modem]]
 
[[File:TP-Link 8950 LIne stats.JPG|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a TP-Link 8950ND modem]]
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 +
# Click on 'Device info'
 
# Click on 'Statistics'
 
# Click on 'Statistics'
 
# Click on 'ADSL'
 
# Click on 'ADSL'
  
== How to interpret the line stats ==
 
  
=== Bandwidth ===
 
It is normal and good for bandwidth down to be about tens times the bandwidth up. You can confirm this number by doing a [[Speed test (DSL)|speed test]].
 
  
=== Line Attenuation ===
 
Attenuation is a measure of how strong the signal is from the Bell office ('DSLAM'). Note that '''Lower is better''' as it indicates less attenuation.
 
  
<table style="margin-left: 4em">
 
<tr><th>Attenuation (dB)</th><th>Rating</th></tr>
 
<tr><td>0 to 40 dB</td><td>Excellent</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>40 to 50 dB</td><td>Good</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>50 to 60 dB</td><td>Fair</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>> 60 db</td><td>Poor</td></tr>
 
</table>
 
  
=== Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR or SN Margin) ===
 
Signal-to-Noise is a measure of noise on your line. Too much noise can obscure the DSL signal. '''Higher is better''' as it means you have more signal than noise.
 
  
<table style="margin-left: 4em">
 
<tr><th>Signal-to-Noise (dB)</th><th>Rating</th></tr>
 
<tr><td>> 20 dB</td><td>Excellent</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>10 to 20 dB</td><td>Good</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>6 to 10 dB</td><td>Fair</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>0 to 6 db</td><td>Poor</td></tr>
 
</table>
 
  
=== Errors ===
 
The error figures are an indication of how many packets had to be retransmitted because they contained an error and is caused by line noise. The error counts are cumulative since the time DSL sync was last obtained. To reset the error counts, do a software restart of your modem, or power cycle your modem, or disconnect your DSL line for a minute or two.
 
  
The significance of error counts is unclear and may not be significant. Some modems may misreport errors and even with errors, your service may be fine.
+
 
 +
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
===SmartRG 505n===
 +
[[File:SmartRG505N Line stats.png|thumb|right|Line stats displayed on a SmartRG505N modem]]
 +
# Log into the web interface of your modem ([[DSL modem web interface|how to log in]])
 +
# Click on 'Device info'
 +
# Click on 'Statistics'
 +
# Click on 'xDSL'
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[DSL speed]]
  
 
[[Category: DSL]]
 
[[Category: DSL]]

Latest revision as of 11:19, 19 January 2018

Your DSL modem and Bell's DSLAM continuously monitor the quality of your DSL line. You can obtain line statistical information from your modem to view your line quality and the goodness of your service.

Bell is responsible for the quality of your line and it is worth noting that most of your monthly payment to NCF goes to Bell to provide DSL service on your line.

How to interpret line stats

Speed (Rate)

Download speed (measured as Mbps, Mb/s, kbps, kb/s) is faster than upload speed. You can confirm this number by doing a speed test.

Attenuation

Attenuation is a measure (in dB) of how far (cable length, not line-of-sight) you are from the Bell equipment (DSLAM). Note that Lower is better as it indicates a shorter cable length.

AttenuationRating
0 - 40Excellent
40 - 50Good
50 - 60Fair
>60Poor

Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR or Noise Margin)

Signal-to-Noise Ratio is a measure (in dB) of how much electrical noise exists on your line. Too much noise (low SNR) can affect DSL signal. Higher is better as it means you have more signal than noise.

SNRRating
>20Excellent
20-10Good
10-6Fair
6-0Poor

Errors

The error figures are an indication of how many packets had to be re-transmitted because they contained an error and may be caused by line noise. Error counts are cumulative since the time DSL sync was last obtained. To reset the error counts, do a software restart of your modem, or power cycle your modem, or disconnect your DSL line for a minute or two.

The significance of error counts is unclear and may be meaningless. Some modems may misreport errors and even with errors, your service may be fine.

Line Profile stats reported by Bell

You can see your stats as seen by NCF here. Note the date on that page that says when they were collected.

Line Profile stats reported by Bell

Line Operational Status 613-xxx-xxxx (DSL phone number, may or not be your Bell #)
Line Status: In Service (preferred)
Out of Service (trouble!)
UpTime: (not a useful field, usually not populated by Bell)
Line Profile Name: Example: al1_d6016-384_u800-256 Last State Change: mm/dd hh:mm:ss
(last time the Line Profile was provided)
DLM State:
(Dynamic Line Manager,
a process on the DSLAM)
Active or OPERATIONS (preferred)

PENDING (new line activation)
Disabled (manual handling)
Failed (DLM can’t set a Line Profile)
Unstable (DLM is unable to set a Line Profile)

Equipment Type:
(DSLAM)
Example: 7330_REM
There are many types of DSLAMs deployed by Bell in the field. The above was built by Newbridge/Alcatel-Lucent, today's Nokia
Operational Status Speed (Kbs) Relative Capacity Occupation (%) Noise Margin (0..31 dB) Signal Power (0..20 dBm) Attenuation (0..60 dB) Block count
UpStream
(upload)
Example: 797.0 Lower is better

< 85% is the preferred range
Higher is better

> 20 dB: Excellent
20 - 10 dB: Good
10 - 6 dB: Fair
< 6 dB: Poor

Lower is better

Tied to RCO, SNR & Attenuation
Lower is better

< 40 dB: Excellent
40 - 50 dB: Good
50 - 60 dB: Fair
> 60 dB: Poor

Some number that is not very useful
DownStream
(download)
Example: 6014.0

How to obtain line stats from your modem

SpeedTouch 585 or 516v6

Line stats displayed on a SpeedTouch 585v6 modem interface (Speedtouch 516v6 is similar)
  1. Log into the web interface of your modem (how to log in)
  2. In the left column, click on 'Broadband Connection'
  3. In the left column, click on 'DSL Connection'
  4. In the top-right area, click on 'Details'

Depending on your modem model and configuration, the numbers may be displayed with commas and periods in the European manner, which is the reverse of what is common in North America. For example: 1,000.12 for 'one thousand decimal 12' may be displayed as '1.000,12'.





SpeedTouch 516v5

Line stats displayed on a SpeedTouch 516v5 modem interface
  1. Log into the web interface of your modem (how to log in)
  2. In the left column, click 'Advanced'
  3. Below that click 'Diagnostics'
  4. Above click the + sign beside 'Expand All'
  5. Scroll down to the section 'Wan' ... 'Dsl'







TP-Link 8816, 8901G or 8951ND

Line stats displayed on a TP-Link 8901G modem (8816 and 8951ND are similar)

These models of TP-Link modems all have similar interfaces:

  1. Log into the web interface of your modem (how to log in)
  2. Click on 'Status'
  3. Click on 'Device Info'







TP-Link 8950ND

Line stats displayed on a TP-Link 8950ND modem
  1. Log into the web interface of your modem (how to log in)
  2. Click on 'Device info'
  3. Click on 'Statistics'
  4. Click on 'ADSL'







SmartRG 505n

Line stats displayed on a SmartRG505N modem
  1. Log into the web interface of your modem (how to log in)
  2. Click on 'Device info'
  3. Click on 'Statistics'
  4. Click on 'xDSL'









See also