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(Using WiFi Analyzers and Changing WiFi Channels: WiFi Radar for Linux)
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SpeedTouch 585 DSL modems are capable of serving as a base station for wireless connections to WiFi-equipped computers.
+
SpeedTouch 585, TP-Link 8901, 8950, 8951, 8961 & 9970, Sagemcom and SmartRG DSL modems are capable of serving as a base station for wireless connections to Wi-Fi-equipped devices.
  
The wireless capability can be turned off (disabled) by configuring the modem. If off, the WLAN light is unlit.
+
The wireless capability can be turned off (disabled) by configuring the modem. If off, the WLAN light will be unlit.
  
If enabled, the modem will support wireless connections based on how it has been configured. The main configuration consideration is which security mode to use. NCF recommends using the highest security mode that your computers can support; generally, this means WPA-PSK.
+
If enabled, the modem will support wireless connections based on how it has been configured. The main configuration consideration is which security mode to use. NCF recommends using the highest security mode that your devices can support; generally, this means WPA2-PSK.
  
The configured security mode is indicated by the colour of the WLAN light on your modem:
+
With SpeedTouch modems the configured security mode is indicated by the colour of the WLAN light on your modem:
 
*'''Green''' means wireless is enabled and the modem has been configured for WPA-PSK.
 
*'''Green''' means wireless is enabled and the modem has been configured for WPA-PSK.
 
*'''Amber''' means wireless is enabled and the modem has been configured for WEP.
 
*'''Amber''' means wireless is enabled and the modem has been configured for WEP.
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== NCF configuration ==
 
== NCF configuration ==
DSL modems with wireless capability configured by NCF are configured with wireless enabled in the highest security mode (WPA-PSK, verions WPA2), with the '''default password''', which is '''printed on the label on the bottom of the modem''' and on the cover of the Set-up disk with your modem.
+
SpeedTouch modems with wireless capability configured by NCF are configured with wireless enabled in the highest security mode (WPA-PSK, version WPA2), with the '''default password''', which is '''printed on the label on the bottom of the modem''' or your NCF [[DSL password]].
 +
 
 +
TP-Link, Sagemcom & SmartRG modems with wireless capability configured by NCF are also configured with wireless enabled in the highest security mode (WPA-PSK, version WPA2). The default password is your NCF [[DSL password]], which was provided to you on a sheet that came with the modem.
  
 
== Troubleshooting Wireless ==
 
== Troubleshooting Wireless ==
Most problems with wireless have to do with interference from other wireless or electronic devices, or signal strength problems (eg., due to obstructions or distance).
+
Most problems with wireless have to do with interference from other wireless or electronic devices, or signal strength problems (e.g., due to obstructions or distance).
 +
 
 +
===Antennae===
 +
As a first step make sure your modem's antennae is installed and that the connection is tight. The antennae should be oriented vertically, too.
  
 
===Interference===
 
===Interference===
 
The most common problem with wireless is intermittent and unexplained dropped connections. This is often caused by interference from other wireless networks in your neighbourhood.
 
The most common problem with wireless is intermittent and unexplained dropped connections. This is often caused by interference from other wireless networks in your neighbourhood.
  
In North America there are only eleven wireless channels available on which to broadcast wifi signals. If you live in a densely populated area, especially if you live in an apartment building or townhouse complex, there will likely be far more than eleven wireless neteworks within range of your computer, all competing for channels. You can easily check this on most laptops, by clicking on the connection icon and then seeing how many networks appear. If there are eleven or more then some interference is almost guaranteed.
+
In North America there are only eleven 802.11n wireless channels available on which to broadcast Wi-Fi signals. If you live in a densely populated area, especially if you live in an apartment building or townhouse complex, there will likely be far more than eleven wireless networks within range of your computer, all competing for channels. You can easily check this on most mobile devices, including laptops, by clicking on the connection icon and then seeing how many networks appear. If there are more than eleven then some interference is almost guaranteed.
 +
 
 +
Other than convincing most of your neighbours to turn off their networks, the best strategy is to manually look for a channel that has less interference. Most wireless modems have a default automatic mode, which seems to result in most ending up on channel one. You can manually change the channel by [[DSL modem web interface|signing into the interface]] and going to:
 +
[[File:TP-Link 8950 Change Channel.png|right|thumb|How to change the wireless channel on a TP-Link 8950ND]]
 +
 
 +
;Speedtouch 585
 +
:''Home Network→WLAN→Configure→Channel Selection→Manual'' and then ''Channel'' and select a new one.
 +
;TP-Link 8950ND
 +
:''Wireless→Basic'' and then ''Channel'', select a new one and then ''Save/Apply''.
 +
;TP-Link 8901G, 8951ND and 8961ND
 +
:''Interface Setup→Wireless'' and then ''Access Point Settings'' and ''Channel'', select a new one and then ''Save''.
 +
[[File:TP-Link 8901G Change frequency.JPG|right|thumb|How to change the wireless channel on a TP-Link 8901G]]
 +
You will probably have to try out a few before you find one that results in the minimum number of dropped connections.  
  
Other than convincing most of your neighbours to turn off their networks, the best strategy is to manually look for a channel that has less interference. Most wireless modems have a default automatic mode, which seems to result in most ending up on channel one. If you have an ST585 wireless modem you can manually change the channel by signing into the interface and going to:
+
In some situations, like apartment buildings, there may be 30 or 40 networks all competing for the same eleven channels. In this case Wi-Fi may be simply unworkable in your location and all devices may just have to be connected by Ethernet cable to access the internet. For hints on this see [[Home wiring (DSL)]].
  
''Home Network> WLAN> Configure> Channel Selection> Manual'' and then ''Channel'' and select a new one.
+
===Signal strength problems===
 +
If you have a good solid signal in some parts of your home but not in others, then obstructions or just distance may be playing a role.
  
You will probably have to try out a few before you find one that results in the minimum number of dropped connections.  
+
Large appliances, such as refrigerators, can block Wi-Fi signals if the appliance is between your device and the modem. This can sometimes be resolved easily by moving you and your device from one part of the room to another, by moving your chair or similar solutions.
 +
 
 +
If your home is large and you are just running out of range, then a Wi-Fi repeater (also called a range extender) may be required to be located to a middle floor. These can be purchased at most computer supply shops.
 +
 
 +
== Using WiFi Analyzers and Changing WiFi Channels==
 +
When troubleshooting inference on wifi networks (especially 2.4Ghz) it is good to first check to see which channels are busiest at your premise. You can use any of the following tools to make that assessment:
 +
*[https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/support/w/images/6/6e/WiFi_Analyzer_Windows.pdf WiFi Analyzer for Windows]
 +
*[https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/support/w/images/4/43/WiFi_Analyzer_Android.pdf WiFi Analyzer for Android]
 +
*[https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/support/w/images/b/bb/WiFi_Analyzer_IOS_AirPort_Utility.pdf WiFi Analyzer for IOS]
 +
*[http://wifi-radar.tuxfamily.org/ WiFi Radar for Linux]
 +
 
 +
===Changing WiFi Channels===
 +
Once you know which channels are the least busy, you can change your WiFi channel on your modem to potential improve it's signal strength and coverage. The following documents will help you make those changes some of our most commonly used modems:
 +
*[https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/support/w/images/7/79/Changing_Wireless_Channels_on_SmartRG_SR505N.pdf Changing WiFi Channels on SmartRG SR505N]
 +
*[https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/support/w/images/a/a3/Changing_Wireless_Channels_on_TD-W9970.pdf Changing WiFi Channels on TP-Link TD-W9970]
 +
*[https://www.ncf.ca/ncf/support/w/images/0/07/Changing_Wireless_Channels_on_Sagemcom_2864.pdf Changing WiFi Channels on Sagemcom 2864]
 +
 
 +
Note: The TP-Link TD-W8951N and TD-W8961ND both automatically change wireless changing to the least congested channel. Turning the modem off and on should trigger this change if it's not occurring soon enough. You can confirm this change with the WiFi analyzer tools above.
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[Copyright Infringement]]
 +
*[[KRACK Vulnerability]]
  
In some situations, like apartment buildings, there may be 30 or 40 networks all competing for the same eleven channels. In this case wifi may be simply unworkable in your location and all devices may just have to be connected by Ethernet cable to access the internet. For hints on this see [[Home wiring (DSL)]].
+
==External links==
 +
*[http://electronicdesign.com/communications/wireless-spectrum-conundrum Wireless Spectrum Conundrum] Basic Wireless Spectrum Information, by Lou Frenzel, Electronic Design
 +
*[http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/4-reasons-wi-fi-slow-fix/ 4 Reasons Why Your Wi-Fi Is So Slow (And How to Fix Them)] by James Frew, Make Use Of
 +
*[http://blog.macsales.com/36669-rocket-yard-guide-how-to-stay-safe-when-using-public-wi-fi How to Stay Safe When Using Public Wi-Fi], by Steve Sande, Rocketyard
 +
*[http://www.androidauthority.com/capture-data-open-wi-fi-726356/ How easy is it to capture data on public free Wi-Fi?] by Gary Sims, Android Authority
  
 
[[Category: DSL]]
 
[[Category: DSL]]
[[Category: Wireless]]
 
[[Category: NeedsWork]]
 

Revision as of 15:36, 29 December 2017

SpeedTouch 585, TP-Link 8901, 8950, 8951, 8961 & 9970, Sagemcom and SmartRG DSL modems are capable of serving as a base station for wireless connections to Wi-Fi-equipped devices.

The wireless capability can be turned off (disabled) by configuring the modem. If off, the WLAN light will be unlit.

If enabled, the modem will support wireless connections based on how it has been configured. The main configuration consideration is which security mode to use. NCF recommends using the highest security mode that your devices can support; generally, this means WPA2-PSK.

With SpeedTouch modems the configured security mode is indicated by the colour of the WLAN light on your modem:

  • Green means wireless is enabled and the modem has been configured for WPA-PSK.
  • Amber means wireless is enabled and the modem has been configured for WEP.
  • Red means wireless is enabled and the modem has unencrypted wireless.

For information about configuring the modem and your computer for wireless, please consult the manual for your modem.

NCF configuration

SpeedTouch modems with wireless capability configured by NCF are configured with wireless enabled in the highest security mode (WPA-PSK, version WPA2), with the default password, which is printed on the label on the bottom of the modem or your NCF DSL password.

TP-Link, Sagemcom & SmartRG modems with wireless capability configured by NCF are also configured with wireless enabled in the highest security mode (WPA-PSK, version WPA2). The default password is your NCF DSL password, which was provided to you on a sheet that came with the modem.

Troubleshooting Wireless

Most problems with wireless have to do with interference from other wireless or electronic devices, or signal strength problems (e.g., due to obstructions or distance).

Antennae

As a first step make sure your modem's antennae is installed and that the connection is tight. The antennae should be oriented vertically, too.

Interference

The most common problem with wireless is intermittent and unexplained dropped connections. This is often caused by interference from other wireless networks in your neighbourhood.

In North America there are only eleven 802.11n wireless channels available on which to broadcast Wi-Fi signals. If you live in a densely populated area, especially if you live in an apartment building or townhouse complex, there will likely be far more than eleven wireless networks within range of your computer, all competing for channels. You can easily check this on most mobile devices, including laptops, by clicking on the connection icon and then seeing how many networks appear. If there are more than eleven then some interference is almost guaranteed.

Other than convincing most of your neighbours to turn off their networks, the best strategy is to manually look for a channel that has less interference. Most wireless modems have a default automatic mode, which seems to result in most ending up on channel one. You can manually change the channel by signing into the interface and going to:

How to change the wireless channel on a TP-Link 8950ND
Speedtouch 585
Home Network→WLAN→Configure→Channel Selection→Manual and then Channel and select a new one.
TP-Link 8950ND
Wireless→Basic and then Channel, select a new one and then Save/Apply.
TP-Link 8901G, 8951ND and 8961ND
Interface Setup→Wireless and then Access Point Settings and Channel, select a new one and then Save.
How to change the wireless channel on a TP-Link 8901G

You will probably have to try out a few before you find one that results in the minimum number of dropped connections.

In some situations, like apartment buildings, there may be 30 or 40 networks all competing for the same eleven channels. In this case Wi-Fi may be simply unworkable in your location and all devices may just have to be connected by Ethernet cable to access the internet. For hints on this see Home wiring (DSL).

Signal strength problems

If you have a good solid signal in some parts of your home but not in others, then obstructions or just distance may be playing a role.

Large appliances, such as refrigerators, can block Wi-Fi signals if the appliance is between your device and the modem. This can sometimes be resolved easily by moving you and your device from one part of the room to another, by moving your chair or similar solutions.

If your home is large and you are just running out of range, then a Wi-Fi repeater (also called a range extender) may be required to be located to a middle floor. These can be purchased at most computer supply shops.

Using WiFi Analyzers and Changing WiFi Channels

When troubleshooting inference on wifi networks (especially 2.4Ghz) it is good to first check to see which channels are busiest at your premise. You can use any of the following tools to make that assessment:

Changing WiFi Channels

Once you know which channels are the least busy, you can change your WiFi channel on your modem to potential improve it's signal strength and coverage. The following documents will help you make those changes some of our most commonly used modems:

Note: The TP-Link TD-W8951N and TD-W8961ND both automatically change wireless changing to the least congested channel. Turning the modem off and on should trigger this change if it's not occurring soon enough. You can confirm this change with the WiFi analyzer tools above.

See also

External links